版权归 六四(广州)国际货代公司

国外物流企业进入中国后,发展迅速

China's current situation
 
The current situation of logistics in China
 
1. Strategic cooperation between manufacturing enterprises and logistics enterprises.
 
Manufacturing enterprises and logistics enterprises give full play to their respective advantages, reach strategic cooperation, jointly enhance the advantages of their main businesses, and gradually reach a consensus. For example, cosco logistics co., ltd. has established strategic cooperative relations with haier group, changhong group, China national nuclear corporation and TCL corporation.
 
2. Large business leaders achieve supply chain management.
 
Large enterprises in various industries in China have implemented supply chain (SCM) management technology to improve their competitiveness. Luneng fanmao logistics co., ltd. implements integrated information management in the field of coal from coal mining and transportation, to the recovery, utilization and deep burial of coal cinder, and from the procurement logistics of coal mine to distribution logistics. The application of supply chain management technology is an important embodiment of Chinese enterprises' transformation of production and operation mode.
 
3. Foreign logistics enterprises continue to enter.
 
After foreign logistics enterprises enter China, they have developed rapidly. UPS, for example, has maintained strong export growth in China, up 125%. EXCL increased its business volume by more than 60% in 2004. By the end of 2004, the 56 branches of DHL had covered more than 300 cities in China, with the business growth rate of 50%.
 
What are the problems in China's international logistics?
 
1. The "bottleneck" phenomenon of logistics infrastructure is prominent.
 
China has only over 1.3 million kilometers of roads, the vast majority of which are second - or third-tier highways. With more than 60,000 kilometers of railway, the average land area of 1,000 square kilometers is only 6 kilometers of railway, less than half of that in Europe and far less than that in North America, which has extensive transportation network. In 2004, the port received and unloaded 200 million tons of imported iron ore, an increase of 38% year on year. Due to the lack of transportation capacity, the port was overstocked with iron ore. In July, the iron ore port of the main port in China reached 34 million tons, an increase of 146% year on year. And the existing facilities cannot be used effectively for a variety of reasons.
 
2. The pattern of extensive management has not been fundamentally changed.
 
(1) the international community usually logistics costs in GDP ratio as an important indicator to measure the level of a country's logistics operation. After the adjustment of economic structure and the implementation of modern logistics operation mode in developed countries, this index is generally reduced to about 10. China's figure, though lower, stood at 18 in 2005. 6. Although China's economic development stage and economic structure are quite different from those of these countries, it also reflects the gap in logistics operation efficiency. (2) logistics service socialization degree is low, logistics enterprises "small, scattered, poor" problem is still relatively prominent. In the transport market, a large number of small, weak small enterprises and individual transport households engaged in road transport, resulting in empty driving and overload phenomenon coexist. On the storage side, some refrigeration, freezing, constant temperature and humidity, as well as the storage capacity of dangerous chemicals are insufficient, especially the "cold chain" from farmland to table is not formed. Experts estimate that the loss rate of fresh and frozen agricultural and sideline products in China is as high as 25 to 30 percent in picking, transportation, storage and other circulation links.
 
3. Logistics information is timely reflected in the internal LAN database, and the management information system analyzes and schedules the data; External contact through the Internet, both online registration needs and online payment, and logistics services can be tracked;中国的现状
 
 
我国物流的现状
 
 
1. 制造企业与物流企业的战略合作。
 
 
制造企业与物流企业充分发挥各自优势,达成战略合作,共同提升主营业务优势,并逐步达成共识。例如,中远物流有限公司与海尔集团、长虹集团、中国核工业集团、TCL集团等建立了战略合作关系。
 
 
2. 大型企业领导者实现供应链管理。
 
 
我国各行各业的大型企业都采用了供应链管理技术来提高自身的竞争力。鲁能凡茂物流有限公司在煤炭从采运到煤渣回收、利用、深埋,从煤矿采购物流到配送物流等领域实施一体化的信息管理。供应链管理技术的应用是我国企业转变生产经营方式的重要体现。
 
 
3.外资物流企业不断进入。
 
 
国外物流企业进入中国后,发展迅速。例如,UPS在中国保持了强劲的出口增长,增长了125%。2004年,EXCL的业务量增长了60%以上。截止2004年底,DHL的56家分支机构已覆盖中国300多个城市,业务增长率达50%。
 
 
中国的国际物流存在哪些问题?
 
 
1. 物流基础设施“瓶颈”现象突出。
 
 
中国只有130多万公里的公路,其中绝大多数是二三线公路。铁路里程超过6万公里,1000平方公里的平均陆地面积只有6公里,不到欧洲的一半,远低于北美的一半,北美有着广泛的交通网络。2004年,港口共收卸进口铁矿石2亿吨,同比增长38%。由于运输能力不足,港口铁矿石库存过剩。7月份,中国主要港口的铁矿石港口达到3400万吨,同比增长146%。由于种种原因,现有的设施不能得到有效利用。
 
 
2. 粗放经营方式没有根本改变。
 
 
(1)国际社会通常将物流成本占GDP的比例作为衡量一国物流运营水平的重要指标。经过经济结构调整和现代物流运作模式在发达国家的实施,这一指标一般降至10左右。中国的这一数字虽然较低,但在2005年仅为18个。6. 虽然中国的经济发展阶段和经济结构与这些国家有很大的不同,但也反映了物流运作效率的差距。(2)物流服务社会化程度较低,物流企业“小、散、差”问题仍然比较突出。在运输市场上,大量弱小的小型企业和个体运输户从事公路运输,导致空驶和超载现象并存。在储存方面,部分冷藏、冷冻、恒温恒湿以及危险化学品的储存能力不足,特别是从农田到餐桌的“冷链”尚未形成。专家估计,我国农副产品的鲜冻损失率在采摘、运输、仓储等流通环节高达25% - 30%。
 
 
3.物流信息及时反映在内部局域网数据库中,管理信息系统对数据进行分析和调度;通过互联网对外联系,既可以在线注册需求,也可以在线支付,并可以跟踪物流服务;
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